The Club regularly receives claims arising from alleged
shortages of cargo as a result of discrepancies between
draught survey results.
Draught surveys by their very nature are not an exact science,
and the accuracy of the calculated cargo figure may vary
typically by between 0.5 and 1.0%. However, there are
occasions when considerable differences in the cargo figures
derived from the draught surveys are obtained. The purpose
of this Loss Prevention Bulletin is to remind deck officers of
the principal sources of errors which may affect the survey
results, such that they can be taken into account when
shortages in the cargo are found.
Recently the Club has experienced several fires and explosions
in cargo holds on-board bulk carriers where aluminium
phosphide tablets had been applied to fumigate agricultural
products. This Loss Prevention Bulletin addresses the fumigation process, problems encountered and precautionary measures that should be taken.
When cargo holds are presented for loading cargoes in bulk
and they are not sufficiently clean for the intended cargo,
delays, off-hire and charter party disputes can arise.
Insufficient cleaning can also cause cargo contamination and
infestation, leading to cargo damage claims from cargo
receivers. This Loss Prevention Bulletin deals with the various
issues surrounding the cleaning of holds with operational
guidance addressing the preparation and cleaning of holds.
When off-specification bunkers are used the consequences can be serious, and may involve machinery damage and significant delays and expenses. This Bulletin deals with the actions and steps that should be considered in order to avoid off-specification bunker disputes.
Malaria is a potentially life threatening illness responsible for hundreds of thousands of fatalities every year, and the Club continues to encounter claims where crewmembers have contracted this mosquito borne infectious disease. Due to the nature of their work seafarers may regularly visit ports where Malaria is prevalent. In order to reduce the likelihood of seafarers getting malaria, this Bulletin contains advice on the practical measures that should be taken to minimise the risk of catching the disease.
It has become apparent that on vessels carrying coal cargoes that are liable to self-heat, the Deck Officers are often unaware that a low oxygen content in a hold will affect the accuracy of methane gas readings taken using a catalytic type gas detector. This Bulletin describes the problem and explains how accurate methane gas measurements can be taken from cargo spaces containing a low oxygen concentration.
Soya beans are typically carried in bulk, and due to the nature of the product claims for damage are frequently encountered, as well as occasional shortage claims. This Loss Prevention Bulletin addresses the particular characteristics of soya beans and the precautionary measures that should be taken to achieve a sound outturn of this cargo.
The carriage of rice in bags and in bulk is an established trade. However, claims for damage and/or shortages frequently arise.
This Bulletin contains guidance on the problems associated with the carriage of rice along with various precautionary measures that may help to reduce rice cargo claims.
Although the carriage of chilled and frozen cargo in reefer (refrigerated) containers has been performed for many years, the Club continues to experience claims for alleged cargo damage. This Bulletin includes guidance for ships’ crews on the loading and carriage of reefer containers to help reduce the possibility of claims arising, along with general information on their operation and use.
Main engine breakdowns due to heavily contaminated lubricating oil have been experienced by several, relatively new, entered vessels recently. This Bulletin addresses the reasons why such breakdowns may occur, and details the measures that should be employed onboard to prevent such incidents.
Basket transfers on tankers engaged in STS operations, and involving vessels arriving at offshore terminals are becoming more common; this Bulletin contains guidance on the aspects of this operation that need to be considered and addressed when basket transfers are proposed.
Guidance on the factors affecting the self-heating of coal and the recommended precautionary measures required to ensure that coal that is already self-heating is not loaded.
Advice to shore managers and seagoing personnel on the perennial problem of stowaways; detailing the high risk areas, measures to help prevent boarding, the conduct of stowaway searches, stowaway hiding places and dealing with stowaways.
Advice on the hazard of girting which can lead to the capsize of tugs and towing vessels, and measures that can be taken to reduce the likelihood of its occurrence.
Guidance and information concerning the identification of enclosed spaces, the hazards associated with entry and the precautionary measures necessary when entering enclosed spaces.
Guidance on the identification and management of the "cappuccino effect" when receiving fuel oil
Guidance covering the properties, stowage and care of natural fibre rope pilot ladders, embarkation ladders and Jacobs ladders, including inspection and maintenance regimes, and replacement criteria
Incidents where ECDIS alarms have not been properly set or utilised and vessels have subsequently grounded, and recommendations covering the correct use of ECDIS alarms
Guidance on the theory behind the formation of cargo and ship sweat and the monitoring and ventilation measures required in order to prevent its formation
Guidance on the hazards associated with hydrogen sulphide gas evolved from marine bunkers
Incidents, rigging, positioning, tending, maintenance and checklists
Best practice, recommendations, loading plan and checklist